Child Eczema FAQ

Child Eczema FAQ

Why are Antimicrobials often sold with Eczema Creams?

The bacteria, Staphylococcus Aureus, can be found on most people’s skin. However, on skin that is affected by atopic eczema, increased numbers of these bacteria are found in over 90 percent of eczema cases. These bacteria seem to bind more readily to skin that is inflamed. This can cause the inflammation to worsen because the bacteria secrete substances called superantigens. These allergy-inducing substances activate the immune cells in the skin, causing them to release substances that further increase inflammation. Controlling the number of these bacteria on the skin can help to control eczema greatly. By removing the bacteria, the eczema is much easier to treat.

What does Eczema look like?

Eczema is an itchy inflammation of the skin associated, to a varying degree, with other features such as:

  • redness of affected areas of skin
  • generally dry skin, which is often thickened in the areas that have been scratched lumps or blisters in affected areas signs of superficial
  • infection such as weeping or crusty deposits

How do I know if my Eczema breakout is infected?

You should suspect that your eczema is infected if it is crusting, weeping or producing pus. If the eczema appears to suddenly get worse, or if the surrounding, normally healthy skin becomes red, hot and swollen.

What is the most common form of Eczema?

The most common form of eczema is atopic dermatitis.

How long is it appropriate to use the antimicrobial and Eczema Creams?

The course prescribed to treat an infection may last from five days up to two weeks. It is important that you finish the course of an antimicrobial cleanser even if it seems that the infection has cleared up. Stopping the course early increases the chance that the infection will come back and that the micro-organisms will grow resistant to the medication. We recommend that you shower a medicated Body Wash as a daily maintenance regimen once you have your eczema under control.

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Is eczema contagious?

No.

Who is more likely to have Eczema?

Many people have eczema (atopic dermatitis). It is a very common problem in the United States. In fact, eczema is the most common skin problem in children under the age of 12. Children with a parent, grandparent, brother, sister, aunt, or uncle who have or have had eczema, asthma, or hay fever often have eczema themselves. Even people who don’t have these conditions in their families can develop eczema as well.

How can I avoid infections?

  • Don’t leave any of your creams, lotions, etc. open, as this makes them more likely to become contaminated with bacteria. For the same reason, it may be worthwhile to use a clean spoon to remove creams from tubs or jars.
  • Always wash your hands before applying creams, etc. to the skin.
  • Using bath additives or moisturizers that contain antiseptics can help prevent infection by fighting against the bacteria found on the skin.
  • Try not to scratch your eczema, as this helps micro-organisms to penetrate the skin.
  • Keep your nails short.
  • Wearing cotton gloves at night can help stop yourself scratching in your sleep.

What are the signs and symptoms of Eczema?

The signs and symptoms of eczema ( atopic dermatitis ) vary from person to person. Most commonly, the affected skin becomes very dry, itchy, red and swollen; sometimes it’s cracked, crusty and scaly. In adults: the signs usually include rashes on the arms, legs, hands and neck. Older Children: they usually include rashes behind the knees, inside the elbows, on the wrists, ankles, hands and on the neck. And in babies: Eczema usually shows up as rashes on the face, elbows and knees.

Why does eczema affect some people and not others?

Over 34.8 million Americans have symptoms of eczema (atopic dermatitis), but scientists don’t know what causes it. Many experts think that eczema occurs when you have an inherited tendency for the disease, and the disease is “triggered.” Triggers can vary widely. Some examples are stress, or sensitivity and exposure to some soaps, fabrics or foods.

Can stress cause Eczema?

Stress doesn’t actually cause eczema (atopic dermatitis), but it can trigger a flare-up, or make the condition worse. Feelings, like anger and frustration, can also aggravate eczema. Since emotional stress can aggravate the condition, patients with eczema (atopic dermatitis) may find that techniques in stress management and relaxation can decrease their chances of having flare-ups.

Can you have Eczema for the first time as an adult?

It is not common for someone to have eczema for the first time as an adult, but it can happen.

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What is the link between Eczema and asthma, hay fever, and allergies?

Many people with eczema also have asthma or hay fever as children or adults. Children with eczema often have allergies to such things as food or pollen.

Once you get Eczema, can you get it again?

Eczema (atopic dermatitis) is a chronic, recurring skin condition which can come and go for months and even years. In most people, there are times when eczema gets worse, called “flares” or “flare-ups”, followed by times when it gets better, or even seems to disappear. These are called “remissions.” Although eczema tends to first occur in babies and children, many children with eczema will seem to grow out of it. They’ll have a permanent remission, although their skin may stay dry and easily irritated. People who had eczema as a child often have sensitive, dry skin in adulthood, especially on the hands.


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