All About Baby Hives
Baby Hives, also known as urticaria or welts, are swollen areas on the skin. They can show up in different shapes and sizes, but are generally well defined, with a pale, central, raised area surrounded by a red border. Baby hives usually itch. Baby Hives can come and go over a period of minutes, hours and sometimes even weeks. They also can appear for only a few minutes and never return again.
Baby hives are a sign of an allergic reaction, and are usually harmless if they are the only symptom your child is having. Children with baby hives and more severe symptoms, such as wheezing, difficulty breathing or swallowing, or swelling in their mouth or throat, may have anaphylaxis – a serious allergic reaction. These children need immediate medical attention.
Baby Hives are a type of allergic or immune system reaction
Baby Hives are a type of allergic or immune system reaction that occurs when something triggers the release of chemicals, including histamine, from cells in a child’s body. It is important to remember that there are many more things in addition to food allergies that can cause baby hives in kids. These include medications, infections, exposure to the sun, and for some kids, even physically touching their skin repeatedly, like scratching, which is called dermographism.
A baby with baby hives may have additional symptoms depending on what is triggering the baby hives. For example, if a viral infection is causing the baby hives, then he may have a sore throat, runny nose, and/or a cough. Although some things, such as certain foods, commonly cause baby hives, keep in mind that almost anything can trigger baby hives.
To help figure out the cause of baby hives in your child, keep a diary of all of your baby’s medications and everything he has recently had to eat and drink.
Since baby hives are caused by the chemical histamine, it is logical that you would treat them with an antihistamine medication, such as diphenhydramine more commonly known as Benadryl. Of course, the best treatment for baby hives, whenever possible, is to remove and then avoid whatever is triggering your baby hives.
Common causes of baby hives can include:
· foods, especially peanuts, eggs, tree nuts, milk, shellfish, wheat, and soy
· medications, especially antibiotics like penicillin and sulfa drugs
· additives in foods or medications, such as the food dye tartrazine (Yellow No. 5)
· infections, especially viral infections
· insect bites and stings
· exposure to heat, cold, or water
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-All About Baby Hives-
Certain medications, viral illnesses and allergic reactions can cause an Baby Rashes in babies. Many other conditions common in infants, such as eczema, baby rashes, erythema toxicum, and heat rash, can resemble baby acne. Baby rashes develops during the weeks after birth. This is thought to be most likely due to hormones that passed from mother to infant during the last stage of pregnancy. Baby rashes can be aggravated by milk, formula, or spit-up coming in contact with the skin. Other irritants include rough fabrics or fabrics laundered in strong detergent. If your baby has baby rashes, don’t use soap, lotion or creams on the face because these can also be irritations.
Newborns are prone to baby rashes. Most baby rashes cause no harm and go away in time on their own.
Some examples of baby rashes that are commonly found in newborns are as follows:
• Pink pimples (“neonatal acne”) are often caused by exposure in the womb to maternal hormones.
• Erythema toxicum is another common newborn rash that looks like mosquito bites or hives.
• Dry, peeling skin is often due to a baby being born a little late. The underlying skin is perfectly normal, soft, and moist.
• Little white bumps on the nose and face (“milia”) are caused by blocked oil glands. When baby’s oil glands enlarge and open up in a few days or weeks, the white bumps disappear.
• Salmon patches (called a “stork bite” at the back of the neck or an “angel’s kiss” between the eyes) are simple nests of blood vessels that fade on their own after a few weeks or months.
• Jaundice is a yellow coloration to your baby’s skin and eyes. It is caused by an excess of bilirubin which is a breakdown product of red blood cells.
• Mongolian spots are very common in any part of the body of dark-skinned babies. They are flat, gray-blue in color and they look a lot like a bruise. They can be small or large. The spots are caused by some pigment that didn’t make it to the top layer when baby’s skin was being formed.
Visit DermaTechRx Research Center to read more about Baby Rashes
Heat Rash Skin Condition
Heat rash is also called miliaria. Heat rash is most common in babies and young infants when they become overheated. This happens either because it is too warm outside or they are simply overdressed. It could also be because they have a fever. Miliaria profunda occurs in people who have experienced repeated episodes of prickly heat.
Prickly heat, which is also known as miliaria rubra, is the most common type of heat rash. In this form of heat rash, the sweat duct becomes red and inflamed and manifest as small bumps with a red halo around them. They can be found grouped together inside the folds of his or her skin, such as the neck, armpits, and groin.
Miliaria crystallina is another type of heat rash. In this particular rash the skin doesn’t get inflamed, leading to the standard appearance of small clear vesicles. These are without any redness or other symptoms.
If a rash blanches when pressure is put on it, this is an erythematous rash and is not usually an urgent problem. Erythematous skin rashes may be caused by any number of things such as a viral skin rash, eczema, diaper (nappy) rash, thrush, heat rash, slapped cheek disease and seborrheic dermatitis, which includes cradle cap. Other examples are Hand foot and mouth disease, which starts with red spots that blister and erythema toxicum is a rash most often seen in newborn babies.
If the rash does not blanch when pressed, it is called a petechial rash. Seek medical attention urgently especially if the rash is appearing before your eyes or your child has a fever. Not every petechial rash is serious but it could be a severe condition like meningococcal infection, so if your baby or toddler has a petechial rash, it s a good idea to get it checked out immediately.
A newborn’s skin is prone to rashes of all sorts, but luckily most of these rashes are harmless and go away on their own. Although heat rash is one of those that usually goes away on its own in a few days, some children do require treatment, which can include:
· removing the child from the rash causing environment, such as dressing in less clothing, moving inside to a cooler, air conditioned environment, etc.
· mild strength topical steroids, although these usually aren’t needed
· calamine lotion
· compresses with cool water
· antibiotics for secondary infections